For 1,300 years, the Temple Mount/Haram Al-Sharif has been managed under the exclusive rule of Islamic authorities. Since the 16th century, the recognized status quo maintains that the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif compound is a Muslim prayer area, while the Western Wall is designated as a prayer area for Jews. This division was reaffirmed by the Israeli government in June 196 in recognition of the unique sensitivity of the area and in response to international pressure. The Muslim Waqf, responsible for management of the compound, is appointed by the Kingdom of Jordan and its status was recognized in the peace agreement between Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom. At the end of March 2013, King Abdullah and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas signed an agreement reaffirming the role of the King of Jordan as protector of the holy places in Jerusalem, with specific reference to the Haram al-Sharif.  According to the status quo, the Muslim Waqf is in charge of administering the site and its internal control while the Israeli authorities are responsible for maintaining security of its outer shell. Jews are invariably forbidden from praying on the Mount, as well as from establishing a permanent presence on it, with the exception of a single Police post. Jewish religious activity/worship takes place by the Western Wall. 
- June 23 - The “Subcommittee on the Issue of Jewish Ascent to the Temple Mount”, appointed by the Knesset Interior Committee, issues its recommendations. Despite proposing some changes regarding entry to the Mount, the subcommittee overall backs existing policies and validates Police conduct. The subcommittee recommends upholding the status quo and the prohibition against Jewish prayer on the compound.
- August 13 - The Knesset Interior Committee, led by MK Miri Regev, holds a discussion on the issue of Jewish entry to the Mount during the Jewish high holidays (October). As previously, the discussion serves as an open stage for Temple movement activists, who receive backing from rightwing MKs. Among demands directed at the Police is a ban on Muslims entering within a 100 meter radius of Jewish groups and changing Jewish entry times to hours less frequented by Muslims. MK Regev ends the discussion by stating that a similar arrangement to the one currently in place at the Cave of the Patriarchs (in Hebron) should be applied to the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif, meaning that separate entry and prayer times for Jews and Muslims should be established. Regev further declares that she intends to appeal to the Court on the ban against Jewish prayer as well as meeting with the Jordanian ambassador to discuss the issue.
- September 22 - Another discussion takes place in the Knesset Interior Committee, this time regarding the upcoming Jewish high holidays, reiterating the main points raised at the August 13th session. MKs Regev, Feiglin and Struck harshly criticize the commander of the Police Department’s David Precinct, responsible for security on the Temple Mount/Haram Al-Sharif.
- June 24 - “Friends of the kidnapped teenagers, from Makor Chaim Yeshiva, have ascended to pray for them on the Temple Mount…” The video accompanying the report clearly shows the group praying before entering the compound but there is no documentation of a prayer taking place on the Mount. 
- July 9 - A report headlined “Watch: Praying for IDF soldiers” includes the description “after peacefully walking in the Temple Mount, the ascenders prayed for the safety of the Jewish people, the success of the IDF soldiers, and the destruction of the enemy”. The enclosed videos show no evidence of such prayer having taken place. 
- July 10 - A report “Prayers on the Temple Mount for the Safety of IDF Soldiers and the Residents of the South” states that “Jews that ascended today to the Temple Mount have prayed for the safety and success of the armed forces on all fronts, and especially on the Gaza front…”. The report comes with a video labeled ‘Prayer on the Temple Mount for the Safety of the Soldiers Fighting in Gaza’; however, the video does not evidence such prayer having taken place.
- July 14 - In the video entitled “Prayer for the Safety of IDF Soldiers”, Yehudah Glick is seen reciting a short prayer on the Mount.
- July 17 - The report “Ascenders of all Backgrounds Praying on the Temple Mount for the Safety of IDF Soldiers” includes 3 videos recorded on the Mount documenting prayers being recited for the safety of the soldiers (one of the clips has recently been blocked for viewing) .
- August 5 - A report “Reading the Book of Lamentations on the Temple Mount”, recorded on the morning of Tisha B’Av (a Jewish fast day commemorating the destruction of the first and second Temples), claims that the Jewish visitors audibly read parts of the Book of Lamentations. The report includes photographs of the group sitting on the ground, as is customary when reading the Book.
- August 7 - A woman and two men are removed from the Mount after praying against Police instructions .
- August 14 - A teenager is removed from the Mount. An “Im Tirtzu” (right wing organization) activist present during the incident reports that the teenager was removed after members of the group “resisted any instruction” throughout their visit.
- August 27 - A man is removed from the Mount after prostrating.
- September 7 - A man is removed from the Mount after attempting to pray.
- September 24 – A man is removed from the Mount after prostrating.
- June 29 - Police issue restraining orders banning dozens of Palestinians from entering the Temple Mount/Haram al-Sharif for 4 months, claiming the policy is necessary for “preventing severe harm to the safety of persons or property” .
- July 10 - During the morning hours, Police close most entry gates through which Muslims enter the Mount. At the remaining gates, Police carry out inspections and prevent women from entering.
- July 18 - Police prohibit Waqf personnel from entering the compound.
- July 31 to August 12 - After the end of Eid al-Fitr, Police completely prevent Muslim women from entering during morning hours, during the time that Jews visit the Mount.
- During every Friday of Ramadan (throughout July) Police ban Muslims under the age of 50 from entering to pray. According to a Police report, each such ban results in 35,000 Muslims being prohibited from entering. On August 1, the first Friday after Ramadan, the age limit is enforced for the fifth consecutive Friday during the time of the year at which the volume of people seeking to enter the mosque is the highest.
- Despite no drastic change in security circumstances, since August 8 no age limit is imposed on Muslims seeking to enter the Mount and Friday prayers proceed without major incident. Conversely, during the preceding 5 weeks, Palestinian demonstrations protesting entry restrictions lead to violent clashes.
- July 5 - Palestinians throw stones on the Mount;
- July 24 - During the night of “Laylat al-Qadr” Muslim demonstrators storm into the Mount (closed at night) and set fire to an unmanned Police post.
- August 5 - Dozens of Palestinians throw stones at Police forces in the Mughrabi gate.
- September 24, Rosh Hashanah eve - Large Police forces clash for approximately 40 minutes with Palestinian demonstrators on the Mount, using shock grenades and tear gas, in order to allow Jews to enter the compound.
“This country should take down the mosque. I don’t care whether it’s by blowing it up or not, I want these girls [referring to a group of his students] to order the military to take down the mosque from the Temple Mount… As soon as we have the power as a state, I want the mosque taken down from the Temple Mount.” –Benzi Gopstein, student of Meir Kahane, founder and head of the anti-miscegenation Lehava organization
“With God’s help, in a decade we will stand in front of the Temple [the physical building] Mount.” –Housing and Construction Minister Uri Ariel, July 2013
“I hope for myself and my fellow kohanim that we will live to say Birkat Kohanim [the ‘priestly blessing’] in the Temple” –Minister Ariel, at the launch of the website “The Holy Mountain” 
“Here [where the Dome of the Rock is] is where I would like to see the Temple. I hope I will have that privilege.” –Minister Ariel, Israel Channel 2, July 16, 2013
Activists on the ground pressure Police and security personnel on the Temple Mount/Haram Al-Sharif, leveling personal attacks against some. Most of the pressure directed at the Police is imposed through the Knesset Interior Committee. As noted above, Miri Regev, chair of the committee, has initiated multiple discussions on the topic, during which senior Police officered are chastised for allegedly “neglecting Jews on the Temple Mount”. The subcommittee, appointed in March, is also instructed to inspect Police conduct on the Mount.
“The Temple will rise in place of the Mosque, without doubt”; “it is a Mitzvah to build the Temple. If it happens without will, someone will pay the price”; “the Mosque will be deconstructed by us, we will understand what our duty is and will thus act.” –Yehudah Etzion, close partner of Glick, who in the 80s was a member of a Jewish underground militia who himself planned to bomb the Dome of the Rock, Channel 10, January 4, 2014
“The more demand there is, thus the reality changes. Every Jew that rises there takes part in [the]occupation and [the increasing Jewish] presence” –Yehudah Glick, chair of the Temple Mount Heritage Fund, Holy Blood - episode 3 - about the Temple movements, Channel 10 (July 24, 2013)
- July 1 - A conference in Giv’at Shmuel regarding the “Applied Assignment” in civics focuses on the topic of religious Zionist identity. The Applied Assignment is a mandatory project on a civic subject of choice that constitutes about 20% of students’ Bagrut (matriculation) scores. One of the proposed Applied Assignments focused on Jewish prayer on the Temple Mount [link in Hebrew]. This particular project was phrased in the language of Temple movement activists and, among other considerations, posed the potential topic of “whether Police instructions on the Mount should be purposefully violated”.
- July 9 - A sympathetic obituary for Yoel Lerner is published. Lerner served three years in prison for founding an underground militia, ‘Gal’, which planned to bomb the Dome of the Rock.
- July 29 - The “Temple Institute” starts a campaign to raise $100,000 to plan the structure of the Third Temple. The campaign includes a video showing a simulated Temple in place of the Dome of the Rock.